The race across Europe to build green steel plants

Another challenge, says Mr McDonald, is figuring out how to negate high unemployment in industrial heartlands if existing steel plants shut down, or require different skill sets from employees once they’ve been remodelled. “It’s more complicated, I think, than just opening up the market and allowing new entrants to come in, because we’re trying to manage a green transition and to manage the social consequences at the same time,” he argues.