As political crisis rocks Niger, WFP stands firm with hunger and nutrition support


Women and children wait for rations at a WFP distribution in Niger’s Tahoua region – WFP needs US$71 million to assist people across the country this year. Photo: WFP/Mariama Ali Souley

As political upheaval shakes Niger, sustaining short and long-term responses to the worsening hunger crisis in the country is critical.

WFP’s emergency assistance needs to reach people at the moment they need it and at the appropriate scale. Through its resilience-building support, WFP assists communities in building self-sufficiency, decreasing humanitarian needs and reinforcing social cohesion. 

“Our work is vital for the most vulnerable in Niger and needs to continue, particularly in the current circumstances,” said Margot van der Velden, World Food Programme (WFP) Acting Regional Director for Western Africa. 

“Whatever the political situation, continuing our humanitarian and resilience efforts is crucial at these times of crisis,” she added. 

In the first week of August alone, WFP teams delivered life-saving food to 140,000 people across the country and vital malnutrition care to 74,000 children.

“Stakeholders must stand firm in their commitment to support those facing food insecurity,” said Van der Velden.

“In these tough times, our focus remains to provide unwavering support to vulnerable communities during the ongoing lean season between harvests.” 

WFP is watching the situation closely and is poised to scale up in line with needs. 

A WFP-Humanitarian Air Service chopper lands in Titao in the north of Burkina Faso – Niger’s neighbour may soon face the strain of more people crossing the border. Photo: WFP/Cheick Omar Bandaogo

At least 3.3 million people – 13 percent of Niger’s population – are acutely food-insecure while there are 698,000 people forcibly displaced, including 358,000 internally displaced people.

Even in the singularly testing circumstances they face now, WFP’s staff are on the ground, working with partners to meet the needs of Niger’s people.

With distributions underway, WFP expects to reach over 1 million people with emergency food assistance in August alone. 

Passengers in Maradi board an UNHAS flight to Niamey during the coronavirus pandemic in 2021. Photo: WFP/Richard Mbouet

An additional 180,000 people affected by climate shocks will also continue to receive social protection transfers as part of WFP’s year-round assistance, which supports vulnerable communities in adapting to the impact of such shocks.

Border closures

While the main harvesting season begins in October, communities across Niger benefitting from resilience-building support continue to develop and maintain restored land and to produce nutritious foods through established market gardens and nutritional support including for the prevention of malnutrition.

However, sanctions and border closures are greatly affecting the supply of vital foods and medical supplies into Niger.

WFP is highly concerned about knock-on effects, particularly the risk that rising prices will place staple foods further out of the reach of people in already dire circumstances.

The worsening humanitarian situation comes at a time when WFP is being forced to cut rations globally for lack of funds, “depriving millions of people we serve of assistance that not only puts food on their plates, but safeguards their livelihoods,” said Van der Velden. 

Participants in a training project for the trainers of farmers map water-harnessing activities in communities in Sokorbé near the city of Dosso in Niger. These include building artificial riverbanks to protect against erosion. Photo: WFP/Richard Mbouet

WFP urgently needs US$71 million to sustain operations in Niger through to January – the figure will grow if the crisis deepens. Existing resources are already pushed to breaking point and the required scaleup will be dependent on having sufficient funds. 

“If we do not receive adequate funding, the consequences will be devastating and not just in Niger,” said Van der Velden. “In the Sahel, such crises do not recognize borders.”

Indeed, Niger is a critical supply chain route into neighbouring countries also facing unprecedented humanitarian crises and needs.

Flour fortified for infants is prepared in Ouallam, in the Tillabery region of Niger, as part of the EU-backed Food Crisis in the Central Sahel project. Photo: WFP/Richard Mbouet

For now, WFP plans to reach 3.6 million people in 2023. This includes the provision of emergency assistance to 1.5 million people affected by crises such as seasonal food insecurity, and those displaced by escalating conflict.

In July alone, WFP reached at least 1.2 million people with assistance across its crisis-response and resilience-building interventions. It’s critical to ensure that the significant resilience gains made in recent years continue to be brought to scale.

After meeting their family needs, the women running the WFP-backed Goubey garden project in Sokorbé are able to sell a quarter of the crops they produce. Photo: WFP/Richard Mbouet

In coming months, WFP also plans to reach over 2.1 million people with an integrated resilience package – WFP Niger’s flagship programme which not only promotes livelihoods development and access to basic services, but also provides a buffer to instability and fosters empathy between communities. 

Sanctions and border closures are putting the continuity of operations at risk. In addition to the major challenges of securing fuel supplies in the current circumstances, recent airspace closures mean WFP-managed UNHAS (UN Humanitarian Air Service) flights within Niger are temporarily grounded. Maintaining access to people wherever they are in need remains a priority.  

“We urge all parties to facilitate humanitarian exemptions, enabling immediate access to people in need of critical food and basic necessities,” said Van der Velden, stressing how the organization’s work is underpinned by the humanitarian values of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence.

Learn more about WFP’s work in Niger

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