Cabinet ministers have agreed “on the need to take action” in Syria to “deter the further use of chemical weapons”, Downing Street has said.
Ministers agreed it was “highly likely” the Assad regime was responsible for a suspected chemical attack at a cabinet meeting lasting more than two hours.
They agreed that the use of chemical weapons must not “go unchallenged”.
But Transport Minister Jo Johnson later stressed: “There has been no decision to take military action at this point.”
No details of UK involvement in any military action in Syria were mentioned in the Downing Street statement.
And Mr Johnson, who was a guest on BBC One’s Question Time, said: “I have to stress that no decision has been taken as to the nature of any action.”
Medical sources say dozens of people were killed, including children, during the alleged toxic bombing of the formerly rebel-held town of Douma, in the Eastern Ghouta region.
US President Donald Trump spoke to the prime minister on Thursday evening, and the pair agreed that President Assad had “established a pattern of dangerous behaviour in relation to the use of chemical weapons”.
A statement from Downing Street added: “They agreed to keep working closely together on the international response.”
President Trump is also expected to speak to French President Emmanuel Macron about what form action could take, with the White House saying “no final decision has been made”.
BBC political editor Laura Kuenssberg said it was understood the UK was planning a genuinely joint effort with the US and France, rather than playing a supporting role.
Sources say the PM is prepared to take action against the Assad regime without first seeking Parliamentary consent.
There have been calls from opposition parties and some Conservative MPs for Parliament to have a vote beforehand.
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn said: “More bombing, more killing, more war will not save life. It will just take more lives and spawn the war elsewhere.”
Mrs May has said “all the indications” are that the Syrian regime of president Bashar al-Assad, which denies mounting a chemical attack, was responsible for the alleged attack in the formerly rebel-held town of Douma.
During a meeting called on Thursday to discuss the UK response, she described it as “shocking and barbaric” and said it was a “further example of the erosion of international law in relation to the use of chemical weapons, which was deeply concerning to us all”.
Downing Street said the cabinet had “agreed it was vital that the use of chemical weapons did not go unchallenged” and “on the need to take action to alleviate humanitarian distress and to deter the further use of chemical weapons by the Assad regime”.
“Cabinet agreed the prime minister should continue to work with allies in the United States and France to coordinate an international response,” the statement added.
Sir Mark Lyall Grant, national security advisor to Theresa May until 2017, said he would advise the PM to join with the US if a “credible plan” was put forward by its military.
He told BBC’s Newsnight: “A very important red line has been crossed by the use of chemical weapons by the Assad regime, and we, the United Kingdom, have a very strong national interest in defending this rules-based international order.
“We shouldn’t just rely on the Americans to do that for us. We have as strong an interest as they do.”
- Syria decision looms for May
- Do MPs need to approve UK action in Syria?
Senior figures from Russia, which provides military support to the Syrian regime, have warned of a Russian response to a US attack.
On Tuesday President Donald Trump tweeted to warn Russia that a missile attack on Syria “will be coming”.
In a subsequent tweet on Thursday, the US president said an attack on Syria “could be very soon or not so soon at all”.
MPs are due to return to Westminster from the Easter recess on Monday.
Brexit Secretary David Davis, one of the MPs to oppose military action against President Assad when it was rejected by the Commons in 2013, said he was assured that evidence and intelligence, as well as a “proper plan”, would be provided this time.
But a row is continuing in Westminster between MPs over whether a vote should take place in parliament before any action is taken.
Conservative MP and former soldier Johnny Mercer said Mrs May had a “duty” to speak to advocate any action and “bring the country with her”.
But he said it was “intellectually bankrupt” to expect the security services to lay out all the information they have to parliament.
Labour’s former shadow foreign minister MP Catherine West said MPs should be recalled this weekend and be in the House of Commons on Saturday or Sunday to debate the “crucial issue”.
She told Newsnight: “I have no doubt that terrible crimes have been committed and that Assad needs to come before the international criminal courts.
“[But] I think we need to see the evidence and that needs to be put forward to members of parliament so that we can ask the prime minister some questions.”
Lib Dem leader Sir Vince Cable did not rule out backing military action but he said Parliament would have to give its approval, with conditions.
The SNP’s Westminster leader, Ian Blackford, told the BBC a Parliamentary debate should take place before – rather than after – military action has taken place because Mrs May does not have a majority in the House of Commons.